Musculoskeletal repair with stem cells

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Musculoskeletal repair with stem cells

Two major types of cells are responsible for repair in the body. The hematopoietic stem cells which are responsible for blood components and the mesenchymal stem cells which are responsible for soft tissue repair.

Hematopoietic stem cells help produce red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
On the other hand mesenchymal stem cells help regenerate bone, muscle, ligament, cartilage, and tendon.

Mesenchymal stem cells come from two major sources. They are either allogeneic, coming from a donor, or autologous, coming from the patient.

Mesenchymal stem cells have powerful regenerative effects on cartilage, tendon, ligament, and muscle. While these effects are noted during day to day activity mostly, they also can be harnessed to repair damage as well. That is why they are so intriguing since they can serve as a repair mechanism for conditions such as osteoarthritis.

Mesenchymal stem cells also have the added benefit of preventing fibrosis- meaning scarring.

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