What are the Different Types of Stem Cells and Which is Most Often Used For Arthritis Treatment?

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What are the Different Types of Stem Cells and Which is Most Often Used For Arthritis Treatment?


 

What are the Different Types of Stem Cells and Which is Most Often Used For Arthritis Treatment?


There are five major types of stem cells (SCs):
1. Embryonic: these are culled from the blastocyst phase of embryonic growth (a blastocyst is the 16-20 cell mass that is present soon after fertilization). These are pluripotential meaning they have the most capacity to become different organ systems.
2. Umbilical cord blood SCs: these stem cells are harvested from- you guessed it- umbilical cord blood and have been used to help patients with leukemia after chemotherapy.
3. Induced pluripotential: these are adult cells whose nucleus has incorporated embryonic genes so that they behave like embryonic stem cells.
4. Allogeneic stem cells are SCs obtained from healthy donors.
5. Autologous which are a patient’s own stem cells. While these have the least ability to differentiate, by using specific type of stem cells, called mesenchymal stem cells, we can actually make new cartilage… and that’s exciting.  This is the type of stem cell most often used to treat arthritis, particularly osteoarthritis. Here’s another great video about this topic:
  http://youtu.be/btWM-jWn6bQ

and another… http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hky2KB1yrX4



 
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