Where are mesenchymal stem cells for cartilage repair located?

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Where are mesenchymal stem cells for cartilage repair located?


Finding stem cells for osteoarthritis treatment and cartilage repair is like a sophisticated version of Where’s Walso?
Tuan and colleagues in a recent review article mentioned the places where mesenchymal stem cells can be found. They stated, MSCs reside in a many areas and possess the ability to ‘regenerate’ cell types specific for these tissues. Examples of these tissues include adipose tissue, periosteum, synovial membrane, muscle, dermis, pericytes, blood, bone marrow, and most recently trabecular bone. Currently, bone marrow aspirate is considered to be the most accessible and enriched source of MSCs, although trabecular bone may also be considered an alternative source.
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